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Cradle-to-cradle employs a design and production perspective on circular economy.

The cradle-to-cradle perspective emphasizes the extended design and production responsibility in the circular economy: The producer is responsible for ensuring that all constituents and byproducts re-enter the circular loop.

It captures the idea that products need to be designed and produced in a way that allows all constituents and all byproducts to preserve value, until they are ready to be incorporated into a new context. This corresponds to a full cycle in the circular economy.

This is orthogonal to the very unethical take-make-dispose thinking prevalent in the linear economy.

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